The traces of automobiles had been so lengthy on the border with Kazakhstan that some folks deserted their autos and proceeded on foot — simply as some Ukrainians did after Russia invaded their country on Feb. 24.
In the meantime, dozens of flights out of Russia — with tickets offered at sky-high costs — carried males to worldwide locations resembling Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Serbia, the place Russians don’t want visas.
Amongst those that reached Turkey was a 41-year-old who landed in Istanbul with a suitcase and a backpack and plans to start out a brand new life in Israel.
“I’m in opposition to this conflict, and I’m not going to be part of it. I’m not going to be a assassin. I’m not going to kill folks,” mentioned the person, who recognized himself solely as Yevgeny to keep away from potential retribution in opposition to his household left behind in Russia.
He referred to Russian President Vladimir Putin as a “conflict felony.”
Yevgeny determined to flee after Putin introduced a partial navy call-up on Wednesday. The full variety of reservists concerned might be as excessive as 300,000.
Some Russian males additionally fled to neighboring Belarus, Russia’s shut ally. However that carried threat.
The Nasha Niva newspaper, one of many oldest unbiased newspapers in Belarus, reported that Belarusian safety companies had been ordered to trace down Russians fleeing from the draft, discover them in accommodations and rented flats and report them to Russian authorities.
Russian authorities tried to calm an anxious public in regards to the draft.
Legislators launched a invoice Friday that may droop or cut back mortgage funds for Russians referred to as up for responsibility. Information shops emphasised that draftees would have the identical standing as skilled troopers and be paid the identical, and that their civilian jobs can be held for them.
The Protection Ministry mentioned that many individuals who work in excessive tech, communications or finance can be exempt from the call-up “to make sure the operations’’ of these fields, the Tass information company reported.
White Home press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre mentioned the truth that Russians had been leaving their nation to keep away from conscription exhibits that the conflict in Ukraine is “unpopular.”
“What Putin is doing — he’s not coming from a spot of energy,” Jean-Pierre advised reporters. “He’s coming from a spot of weak spot.”
The exodus unfolded as a Kremlin-orchestrated referendum received underway searching for to make occupied areas of Ukraine a part of Russia. Kyiv and the West condemned it as a rigged election whose end result was preordained by Moscow.
German authorities officers voiced a want to assist Russian males deserting navy service, and so they referred to as for a European resolution.
“Those that bravely stand as much as Putin’s regime and thereby put themselves in nice hazard can apply for asylum in Germany on the grounds of political persecution,” the spokesman for German Inside Minister Nancy Faeser mentioned.
The spokesman, Maximilian Kall, mentioned deserters and people refusing to be drafted would obtain refugee standing in Germany if they’re vulnerable to severe repression, although each case is examined individually.
However they’d first need to make it to Germany, which has no land border with Russia, and like different European Union international locations has turn into far harder for Russians to journey to.
The EU banned direct flights between its 27 member states and Russia after the assault on Ukraine, and lately agreed to restrict issuing Schengen visas, which permit free motion throughout a lot of Europe.
4 out of 5 EU international locations that border Russia — Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Poland — additionally lately determined to show away Russian vacationers.
Some European officers view fleeing Russians as potential safety dangers. They hope that by not opening their borders, it should improve strain in opposition to Putin at residence.
Latvian International Minister Edgars Rinkevics mentioned Thursday that a lot of these fleeing “had been fantastic with killing Ukrainians. They didn’t protest then. It’s not proper to think about them as conscientious objectors.”
The one EU nation that’s nonetheless accepting Russians with Schengen visas is Finland, which has a 1,340-kilometer (830-mile) border with Russia.
Finland border guards mentioned Friday that the variety of folks coming into from Russia has climbed sharply, with media reporting a 107% improve in contrast with final week.
At Vaalimaa, one of many busiest crossings on the border, the road of ready automobiles stretched for half a kilometer (a 3rd of a mile), the Finnish Border Guard mentioned.
Finnish broadcaster MTV carried interviews with Russian males who had simply crossed into Finland on the Virolahti border crossing, together with with a person named Yuri from Moscow who mentioned that no “sane individual” needs to go to conflict.
A Russian man from St. Petersburg, Andrei Balakirov, mentioned he had been mentally ready to go away Russia for half a 12 months however put it off till the mobilization.
“I feel it’s a extremely unhealthy factor,” he mentioned.
Valery, a person from Samara who was heading to Spain, agreed, calling the mobilization “an amazing tragedy.”
“It’s laborious to explain what’s taking place. I really feel sorry for many who are pressured to combat in opposition to their will. I’ve heard tales that individuals have been given these orders proper within the streets — scary.”
Related Press writers Frank Jordans in Berlin; Vanessa Gera in Warsaw, Poland; Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark; and Zeynep Bilginsoy in Istanbul contributed.