“You may be as robust as you need on folks, that’s not going to magically create a home for them. And so they don’t have disappearing powers,” stated Jennifer Friedenbach, government director of the Coalition on Homelessness in San Francisco.
In September, the group and 7 people who’re homeless or susceptible to turning into homeless once more sued San Francisco for violating town’s personal insurance policies concerning offering shelter beds. In addition they stated that metropolis staff have thrown out peoples’ private belongings similar to medicine, wheelchairs, prosthetics, laptops and cell telephones, in opposition to metropolis coverage.
Solomon is amongst an estimated 7,800 folks with out a dwelling in San Francisco, a metropolis that has come to be seen as an emblem of California’s staggering lack of ability to counter the homeless disaster. Householders, companies and native leaders in San Francisco are annoyed with seen indicators of homelessness — which incorporates public streets blocked by sprawling tents and trash.
Solomon is annoyed too. “Who says I’m not a part of the neighborhood simply because I’m homeless?” she stated.
Two of the sweeps she skilled this 12 months occurred within the Castro neighborhood, the place she famous that civil rights activists as soon as stood up for marginalized peoples’ rights. Now, residents and close by companies name the police on her.
The 34-year-old has been homeless for a couple of decade. Solomon stated she is bipolar and struggles with drug habit, in addition to grief from the deaths of her son and mom a 12 months aside.
She travels flippantly — a rolling suitcase, tent, pet food and two canines — and is afraid to depart her belongings unattended. Regulation enforcement has threatened to take her to jail on an arrest warrant from one other county — which she stated was for minor drug possession.
Amid rising rents and a nationwide scarcity of reasonably priced housing, greater than 100,000 individuals are dwelling on California’s streets. Hawaii, Oregon, and Arizona are amongst different western states the place extra homeless folks dwell outdoors in automobiles and tents than indoors in shelters, regardless of billions spent to curb homelessness, together with San Francisco’s $672 million annual finances.
More and more, advocates for folks with out housing are combating again in courtroom — as within the lawsuit filed in San Francisco, the place the common month-to-month hire for a one-bedroom is $3,000.
Attorneys for town deny that staff illegally power folks to maneuver or throw out private gadgets, saying there are strict insurance policies that stability particular person rights with the necessity to clear public areas.
Throughout a digital listening to final week, Justice of the Peace Choose Donna M. Ryu questioned the city’s tactics, given the overwhelming quantity of information and eyewitness accounts supplied by the coalition. Final week, she quickly banned San Francisco from clearing homeless encampments.
Throughout the nation, frustration over the disaster has unified Democratic and Republican leaders in embracing tough-on-homelessness ways, a lot to the dismay of homeless advocates and even Democratic President Joe Biden’s administration, which has warned in opposition to unexpectedly executed encampment closures.
In September, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed into law a plan to supply medical care to homeless folks with untreated psychosis, even in opposition to their will — and he has actually rolled up his shirt sleeves to hitch encampment cleanups. Beneath this system, folks fighting alcohol and opioid habit received’t qualify for remedy except they’ve a identified psychiatric dysfunction.
The San Francisco Division of Emergency Administration, which homes the Wholesome Streets Operations Heart that coordinates encampment cleanups, stated in a press release that outreach staff discuss to unhoused residents beforehand to clarify the method and provide providers, together with shelter.
From June 2020 to September 2022, San Francisco carried out 1,200 formal encampment cleanups and outreach staff encountered greater than 10,000 folks, based on the emergency administration division.
There are additionally casual requests for homeless folks to maneuver, just like the one Solomon encountered, so it’s not attainable to know the total scale of enforcement actions taken, or threatened to be taken, in opposition to people who find themselves homeless.
Enterprise homeowners are fed up, not essentially with people who find themselves unhoused however the metropolis that ignores them, stated Ryen Motzek, president of the Mission Retailers Affiliation. “It’s a common challenge of cleanliness and security, that’s the No. 1 downside town faces,” he stated.
However Toro Castaño, one of many seven particular person plaintiffs, stated that with out reasonably priced housing, people who find themselves unhoused like him are pressured to maneuver from place to put. “We’ll actually transfer throughout the road — within the different route,” he stated. “In every week we would transfer 14 occasions. Simply from nook to nook to nook.”
In a courtroom declaration, he stated that in August 2020, he was given two hours to depart his tent, however the incident commander declared every little thing a fireplace hazard so metropolis staff tossed all of his belongings right into a dump truck. He misplaced his deceased mom’s marriage ceremony kimono, MacBook Professional laptop computer, a battery-powered heater and a motorbike price $1,400.
The outreach workforce provided him a mattress in a congregant shelter, however he declined it for concern of catching the coronavirus. In the present day, he’s in a lodge room paid for by town.
Advocates say that many people who find themselves homeless would somewhat keep open air than in shelters, the place they danger contracting coronavirus, in addition to encountering abuse or threats of violence. Homeless individuals who have pets, work night time shifts, want psychological well being providers, or have substance use issues have a tough time discovering a shelter that may take them.
Shivering inside a crowded tent, Dylan Miner tried to relaxation upright. “You may achieve your stuff again, nevertheless it takes a whole lot of work,” he stated. Throughout a current sweep, he stated metropolis staff discarded his mattress and the wooden pallets that hold him off the sidewalk — which was nonetheless moist from torrential rain.
Miner, 34, does carpentry, fixes bikes, and resells gadgets he both buys or finds.
Town positioned him in a downtown lodge for 10 months in the course of the pandemic, however when this system shut down he was unable to seek out new housing. He isn’t a part of the lawsuit, however expressed help for it.
No one is proud of the established order response, Friedenbach stated. She hopes the lawsuit will catalyze a “critical transformation” in how town treats people who find themselves unhoused.
“That is actually related to a much bigger battle for dignity,” she stated. “And a much bigger battle for only a recognition of the humanity of oldsters who’re too poor to afford rents.”
AP video journalist Terry Chea contributed to this report.