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B.C. Local weather Information Dec. 12 to Dec. 18: Report finds whales an … – Vancouver Solar

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This is your weekly roundup of local weather change information for the week of Dec. 12 to Dec. 18, 2022.

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Right here’s your weekly replace with what you have to know in regards to the local weather and ecological crises and the steps leaders in B.C. and all over the world are taking for the week of Dec. 2 to Dec. 18, 2022.

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This week in local weather information:

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• Whales may very well be an vital carbon sink, say scientists
• Europe’s largest local weather coverage heads for final-hour talks
• COP15 biodiversity summit continues in Montreal

The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has warned for a decade that wildfires, drought, extreme climate, similar to B.C.’s lethal warmth dome final June, and flooding would turn out to be extra frequent and extra intense due to the local weather disaster.

Final August, it issued a “code purple” for humanity and earlier this yr the panel, made up of lots of of scientists from all over the world, mentioned the window to cease world warming from exceeding 1.5 C was closing. In April, it released a report with solutions for learn how to drive down greenhouse gasoline emissions, primarily by transitioning away from fossil fuels.

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There’s a scientific consensus on local weather change (NASA reviews that 97 per cent of local weather scientists agree that the local weather is warming and that human exercise is the trigger.)  A number of research revealed in peer-reviewed scientific journals present that greenhouse gasoline emissions are the first trigger of world warming.

Test again right here each Saturday for a roundup of the newest local weather and environmental tales. It’s also possible to rise up to this point B.C.-focussed information delivered to your inbox by 7 a.m. by subscribing to our publication here.


A look at B.C.’s carbon numbers:

  • B.C.’s gross greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emissions in 2020 (newest out there information) had been 64.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equal (MtCO2e). This can be a lower of 0.9 MtCO2e (one per cent) from 65.5 MtCO2e in 2007, the baseline yr for emissions discount targets.
  • B.C.’s internet greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emissions in 2020 had been 63.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equal (MtCO2e.) This can be a internet lower of two.0 MtCO2e, or three per cent, since 2007.
  • B.C.’s internet emissions in 2019: 67.2 MtCO2e, a rise of 1.5 MtCO2e, or two per cent, since 2007.
  • B.C.’s 2030 goal: 40 per cent discount in internet emissions under 2007 ranges.
  • B.C.’s 2040 goal: 60 per cent discount.
  • B.C.’s 2050 goal: 80 per cent discount.
  • Canada’s 2030 emissions goal: Between 40 and 45 per cent discount.
  • Canada’s 2050 emissions goal: Internet-zero.

(supply: B.C. and Canadian governments)

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Source: climateactiontracker.org
Supply: climateactiontracker.org

Local weather change fast information:

  • The Earth is now about 1.1 C hotter than it was within the 1800s.
  • Globally, 2021 was the fifth warmest yr on report.
  • Human actions have raised atmospheric concentrations of COby almost 49 per cent above pre-industrial ranges beginning in 1850.
  • The world is just not on observe to satisfy the Paris Settlement goal to maintain world temperature from exceeding 1.5 C above pre-industrial ranges, the higher restrict to keep away from the worst fallout from local weather change.
  • 2015-2019 had been the 5 warmest years on report whereas 2010-2019 was the warmest decade on report.
  • On the present path of carbon dioxide emissions, the temperature may enhance by as a lot as 4.4 C by the tip of the century.
  • In April, 2022 greenhouse gasoline concentrations reached report new highs and present no signal of slowing.
  • Emissions should drop 7.6 per cent per yr from 2020 to 2030 to maintain temperatures from exceeding 1.5 C and a couple of.7 per cent per yr to remain under 2 C.
  • 97% of local weather scientists agree that the local weather is warming and that human beings are the trigger.

(Supply: United Nations IPCCWorld Meteorological Organization,UNEP, Nasa, climatedata.ca)

Source: NASA
Supply: NASA

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LATEST CLIMATE NEWS

Canadian Medical Association endorses B.C. Parks plan to prescribe nature

From the local weather disaster to the pandemic, to inflation woes and the invasion of Ukraine, there’s rather a lot to be stressed about lately.

However as an alternative of taking medicine for low ranges of tension, your well being care supplier could quickly prescribe spending extra time in nature.

On Saturday, on the COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal, the Canadian Medical Affiliation formally endorsed a B.C. Parks initiative referred to as PaRx, a nationwide nature prescription program. It’s the primary time a nationwide medical group on the earth has endorsed a nature prescription.

Dr. Melissa Lem, a B.C.-based household doctor and director of PaRx, says the CMA endorsement will normalize the concept inside the medical career that nature is important for good well being.

What they’ll usually advocate is a minimum of two hours per week exterior, for a minimum of 20 minutes at a time. That would imply going for a hike within the woods, but it surely may be one thing so simple as visiting a neighborhood park, gardening, or taking a stroll by the ocean.

Read the full story here.

—Tiffany Crawford

Whales could be an important carbon sink, say scientists

As leaders from all over the world grapple with biodiversity loss and local weather change in Montreal this week, new analysis suggests whales may very well be an vital a part of that plan.

Whales often is the largest residing carbon pool within the ocean, and are a part of the marine system that’s chargeable for storing 22 per cent of Earth’s whole carbon, in keeping with a report Thursday within the journal Developments in Ecology and Evolution by scientists on the College of Alaska Southeast.

But business searching of whales continues to trigger inhabitants decline, and has decreased whale populations by 81 per cent, in keeping with College of B.C. analysis cited by the scientists within the examine.

The examine says this has unknown results on what they name the organic carbon pump — a mixture of organic, chemical, and bodily processes that management the switch of carbon into the ocean from the ambiance over very long time durations.

Read the full story here.

—Tiffany Crawford

Europe’s biggest climate policy heads for final-hour talks

European Union negotiators meet on Friday to try to strike a deal on an overhaul of the bloc’s carbon market, its predominant coverage instrument for preventing local weather change, plus a multi-billion-euro fund to defend poorer residents from CO2 prices.

At stake is the EU’s means to contribute to world efforts to battle local weather change, and obtain its goal to chop internet greenhouse gasoline emissions 55% by 2030 from 1990 ranges.

Assembly that objective would require the EU carbon market to be reformed to chop emissions sooner, which it does by requiring round 10,000 energy vegetation and factories to purchase CO2 permits after they pollute.

“It’s the largest environmental and local weather legislation that Europe ever handled,” the European Parliament’s lead negotiator Peter Liese mentioned.

Officers from EU nations and the EU meeting, who should each agree the ultimate legislation, mentioned it was unclear if a deal can be struck, given the massive variety of unresolved points.

Read the full story here.

— Reuters

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau delivers remarks during the opening ceremony of the COP15 UN conference on biodiversity in Montreal, on Tuesday, December 6, 2022.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau delivers remarks through the opening ceremony of the COP15 UN convention on biodiversity in Montreal, on Tuesday, December 6, 2022. Picture by Paul Chiasson /The Canadian Press

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COP15 nature negotiations racing to finish line but disagreements still plentiful

The draft textual content of a brand new settlement to guard nature from damaging human behaviour continues to be plagued by disagreement with lower than three days left on the official schedule of the COP15 talks in Montreal.

With a million species going through extinction this century and a majority of each land and marine environments already considerably altered by human actions, the 196 nations within the UN biodiversity conference are looking for a daring new settlement that halts additional destruction of nature and seeks to revive what has already been misplaced.

Getting that settlement finalized is a difficult course of that started 4 years in the past and is meant to return to fruition Monday in Montreal. However progress has been sluggish, significantly on the deal’s diploma of ambition and the way it will all get funded.

Some vital progress was made early on Saturday on one of many key components of the framework associated to how will probably be carried out as soon as events conform to the textual content. Implementation specifics had been missing from the final world biodiversity settlement reached in Aichi, Japan in 2010 and that’s thought-about one of many key causes it failed to attain any of its targets.

The opposite purpose the Aichi framework failed was a scarcity of financing, and that’s proving to be the largest sticking level in Montreal.

Read the full story here.

—The Canadian Press

‘Extreme shifts:’ New report details effects of changing Arctic climate

A brand new report particulars how widespread adjustments within the Arctic, from warming air temperatures to sea-ice loss, have affected animals, vegetation and folks residing there.

The Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration launched its newest annual Arctic report card Tuesday, complied by greater than 100 specialists from 11 nations. It supplies an replace on important indicators within the area and consists of new chapters on precipitation, the impacts of fast local weather change on Indigenous communities and the necessity for extra analysis on pollinators.

The report reinforces long-term developments but in addition famous regional variations. Amongst its main findings had been that Arctic floor air temperatures between October 2021 and September 2022 had been the sixth warmest on report since 1900, and situations had been wetter than regular, with precipitation growing considerably because the Fifties. The report additionally famous lower-than-average sea-ice protection, elevated ocean plankton blooms and the twenty fifth consecutive yr of Greenland ice sheet loss.

“Few components of the world reveal such excessive seasonal shifts in temperature, land and ocean cowl, ecological processes, and wildlife motion and behavior because the Arctic,” mentioned the report.

Read the full story here.

—The Canadian Press

Developing nations halt COP15 talks after biodiversity fund demand

Delegates from dozens of growing nations walked out of crunch financing talks in a single day on the U.N. COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal, citing a scarcity of compromise from rich nations as negotiations intensify to agree a brand new world nature pact.

A number of sources mentioned representatives of about 70 nations – largely African states but in addition together with Argentina and Brazil – left the assembly at about 1 a.m. in protest over a perceived lack of progress on funding for nature safety efforts worldwide.

Most of those governments had earlier joined forces at COP15 to name for a brand new devoted biodiversity fund, saying that “current multilateral (funding) sources” are less than the duty of implementing any deal that’s struck on the convention.

David Ainsworth, a spokesman for the U.N. Conference on Organic Range (CBD) – which is operating the summit – confirmed the walkout to journalists on Wednesday morning.

Whereas there have been variations over a number of issues, the difficulty of the proposed new fund “appeared to have precipitated” the growing nations leaving the talks in protest, he mentioned.

Read the full story here.

—Reuters

A parcel of land on the Sahtlam Tree Farm is seen, in the Cowichan Valley area of Duncan, B.C., on Saturday, July 31, 2021. The effects of climate change are taking a toll on Christmas tree farms in British Columbia and beyond, and one forestry expert says the sector that’s already shrinking will need to adapt in the coming years.
A parcel of land on the Sahtlam Tree Farm is seen, within the Cowichan Valley space of Duncan, B.C., on Saturday, July 31, 2021. The consequences of local weather change are taking a toll on Christmas tree farms in British Columbia and past, and one forestry skilled says the sector that’s already shrinking might want to adapt within the coming years. Picture by CHAD HIPOLITO /THE CANADIAN PRESS

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Climate change affecting Christmas trees in B.C. and beyond: expert

The consequences of local weather change are taking a toll on Christmas tree farms throughout Canada, with one forestry skilled and the pinnacle of the Canadian Christmas Tree Affiliation saying the sector that’s already present process shifts might want to adapt.

The festive timber take eight to 12 years to succeed in the dimensions most individuals search for, and younger seedlings are significantly susceptible to local weather dangers, mentioned Richard Hamelin, head of the forest conservation sciences division on the College of B.C.

A lot of the province has skilled extended drought and excessive warmth during the last two summers, and the seedlings have shallow root methods that don’t attain past the very dry layers of soil close to the floor, Hamelin defined.

In the meantime, their older counterparts could survive however lose their needles or flip brown on account of excessive warmth and drought, he mentioned in an interview.

Seedlings and their shallow roots are additionally prone to being inundated throughout flooding, whereas moist, cool soils enhance the danger of root ailments, Hamelin famous.

—The Canadian Press

Starving seabirds on Alaska coast show climate change peril

Lifeless and dying seabirds collected on the coasts of the northern Bering and southern Chukchi seas over the previous six years reveal how the Arctic’s fast-changing local weather is threatening the ecosystems and individuals who reside there, in keeping with a report launched Tuesday by U.S. scientists.

Native communities have reported quite a few emaciated our bodies of seabirds — together with shearwaters, auklets and murres — that often eat plankton, krill or fish, however seem to have had problem discovering enough meals. The lots of of distressed and useless birds are solely a fraction of ones that starved, scientists say.

“Since 2017, we’ve had multi-species seabird die-offs within the Bering Strait area,” mentioned Homosexual Sheffield, a biologist at College of Alaska Fairbanks, primarily based in Nome, Alaska and a co-author of the report. “The one commonality is emaciation, or hunger.”

The seabirds are struggling due to climate-linked ecosystem shifts — which might have an effect on the availability and the timing of accessible meals — in addition to a dangerous algal bloom and a viral outbreak within the area, she mentioned.

Read the full story here.

—The Related Press

2022 Notebook: Climate catastrophe, and a bit of hope too

For these frightened about local weather change — and, by extension, the planet’s future — 2022 was a blended bag. Hurricanes and floods plagues many locations, and the COP27 assembly in Egypt didn’t finish with as a lot progress as many activists hoped.

But discussions about local weather reparations started, which represented a step ahead for a lot of, and the voice of the World South elevated in lots of corners of the controversy.

The Related Press assembled its expanded world local weather crew in 2022 and stepped up its protection of local weather change internationally. Right here, AP’s new world information director of local weather and setting, Peter Prengaman, and the crew’s video output producer, Teresa DeMiguel, look again on the yr, how they body protection and what may lie forward.

Read their accounts here.

—The Related Press

COP15: Indigenous Protected Conservation Areas a key topic at biodiversity summit. What are they?

This week, the B.C. authorities—in keeping with the objectives of the COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal — dedicated to defending 30 per cent of the province’s land by 2030.

This bold goal, which might double B.C.’s land protections, is named the 30×30 objective, and it’s supported by the federal authorities.

Additionally on the agenda is incorporating extra Indigenous information into defending ecosystems. Legal professionals with Ecojustice, who’re on the convention advocating for extra Indigenous-led stewardship, say one technique to accomplish this 30×30 objective is to create extra Indigenous Protected Conservation Areas, or IPCAs.

To fulfill a objective of defending 30 per cent of land and sea by 2030, B.C. must preserve roughly 15 per cent extra in eight years.

IPCAs are lands and waters the place Indigenous governments have the first function in defending and conserving ecosystems via Indigenous legal guidelines and governance, in keeping with the circle. They signify a long-term dedication to preserve lands and waters for future generations.

Read the full story here.

—Tiffany Crawford


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GUIDES AND LINKS

B.C. Flood: Read all our coverage on the Fraser Valley and beyond

Frequently asked questions about climate change: NASA

Climate change made B.C. heat wave 150 times more likely, study concludes

B.C.’s heat wave: Intense weather event is linked to climate crisis, say scientists

Expert: climate change expected to bring longer wildfire seasons and more area burned

Vancouver outlines its Climate Emergency Action Plan

COVID-19 may have halted massive protests, but youth are taking their fight for the future to the courts

Climate displacement a growing concern in B.C. as extreme weather forces residents out of their homes

Do you’ve got a narrative concept about native efforts being made to handle the local weather and ecological emergencies? Please e mail tricks to [email protected]


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